Treatment plants that purify waste water and convert it into drinking water are becoming important breeding grounds for antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This is due to the presence of antibiotics in the water. This information comes from a study published in the famous British health magazine The Lancet. This research was done in India and China. The researchers came to the conclusion that this problem is serious in both countries. Water samples were taken for research in both countries. These also contain water samples from wastewater and treatment plants. The research showed that the presence of antibiotics in the water is above the maximum limit in many places. Tap water was found to have the highest risk of causing AMR in China. A significant presence of ciprofloxacin was found therein. Municipal corporations and municipalities usually provide tap water to people in urban areas in India. This water is first cleaned in the purification plant. All sources contribute to the water reaching the plant.
These include hospitals, livestock farms and pharmaceutical production sites. According to doctors, AMR is a major threat to the whole world. As a result, approximately 5 million people died worldwide in 2019 alone. According to a 2016 study, about 60,000 newborns die in India every year due to AMR. By 2021, only 43 percent of pneumonia cases could be cured with early-stage antibiotics, according to a report by the Indian Council of Medical Research. While in 2016 this was still 65 percent. The World Health Organization announced a global strategy in 2015 to tackle the problem. A national action plan on this was also presented in India in 2017. But according to a media report, only three states were able to submit their action plans for this implementation until November 2022.