The effect of climate change is now visible on the world so rapidly that such disasters have now become mainstream news. Abnormal weather has now become a global experience. It was surprising how high the temperature was in Europe this winter. On the other hand, the temperature in the plains of India dropped so low, which rarely happened before. Another news is that due to climate change and human activities, a huge crisis has arisen on the western coast of the African continent. The sea takes hold of the coastal areas. This puts people’s livelihoods at risk. The Gulf of Guinea, bordering Ghana, including Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Togo and Benin, is an important route for maritime trade in addition to fishing. But now the sea water has begun to engulf human settlements in the lands that lie on the shores of this gulf. Many people’s houses are submerged in the sea.
The relentless tides have wreaked havoc in communities like Phuweme in Ghana. Homes, schools and community centers have all been washed away and hundreds of people have been displaced. The coastline of Ghana is more than 500 kilometers long. About a quarter of the country’s population lives by the sea. Between 2005 and 2017, about 40 percent of Ghana’s eastern coast was affected by erosion and flooding, according to a study by UNESCO. Phuweme, Keita and 15 such settlements in Ghana’s Volta Coastal Region were once thriving fishing villages. Now the sea water penetrates the agricultural land there. By the way, according to experts, the reason for coastal erosion is not only climate change. The reason is also human activities. Activities in the area include over-exploitation of groundwater, sand extraction, clearing of mangrove forests, etc. Climate change and all these activities together have created a very deep crisis for the local population.